What are the components of an appraisal?Acquiring real estate can be the most serious transaction most may ever encounter. It doesn't matter if it's a primary residence, a second vacation home or an investment, the purchase of real property is a complex transaction that requires multiple people working in concert to make it all happen.
The majority of the parties involved are quite familiar. The most familiar entity in the exchange is the real estate agent. Next, the lender provides the financial capital necessary to bankroll the exchange. Ensuring all aspects of the exchange are completed and that the title is clear to transfer from the seller to the purchaser is the title company.
So what party is responsible for making sure the property is consistent with the purchase price? In comes the appraiser. We provide an unbiased estimate of what a buyer could expect to pay - or a seller receive - for a parcel of real estate, where both buyer and seller are informed parties. A professional California licensed appraiser from Bryant Reed Appraisals will ensure you as an interested party are informed.
Inspecting the subject propertyTo determine the true status of the property, it's our duty to first complete a thorough inspection. We must see features first hand, such as the number of bedrooms and bathrooms, the location, living areas, etc., to ensure they truly exist and are in the condition a typical person would expect them to be. The inspection often includes a sketch of the property, ensuring the square footage is proper and conveying the layout of the property. Most importantly, the appraiser looks for any obvious amenities - or defects - that would have an impact on the value of the property.
Back at the office, an appraiser employs two or three approaches when determining the value of the property: sales comparison and, in the case of a rental property, an income approach.
Cost ApproachThis is where we pull information on local building costs, labor rates and other elements to ascertain how much it would cost to construct a property nearly identical to the one being appraised. This figure commonly sets the upper limit on what a property would sell for. It's also the least used method.
Sales ComparisonAppraisers become very familiar with the subdivisions in which they work. We thoroughly understand the value of specific features to the homeowners of that area. Then, the appraiser researches recent sales in the vicinity and finds properties which are 'comparable' to the property at hand. Using knowledge of the value of certain items such as remodeled rooms, types of flooring, energy efficient items, patios and porches, or additional storage space, we add or subtract from each comparable's sales price so that they more accurately match the features of subject.
Valuation Using the Income ApproachA third method of valuing approach to value is sometimes used when a neighborhood has a reasonable number of renter occupied properties. In this situation, the amount of revenue the property yields is taken into consideration along with income produced by comparable properties to determine the current value.
The Bottom LineCombining information from all approaches, the appraiser is then ready to state an estimated market value for the property at hand. The estimate of value on the appraisal report is not always the final sales price even though it is likely the best indication of what a property could sell for in an open market. There are always mitigating factors such as the seller's desire to get out of the property, urgency or 'bidding wars' that may adjust the final price up or down. But the appraised value is typically used as a guideline for lenders who don't want to loan a buyer more money than the property would likely sell for in an open marketplace. Here's what it all boils down to: An appraiser from Bryant Reed Appraisals will help you attain the most accurate property value, so you can make wise real estate decisions.